After the end of World War II, the Cold War began between the capitalistic United States and the communistic Soviet Union, supported by their respective allies. Much of the world saw itself divided into two opposing blocs, and as the conflict proceeded, more and more countries were drawn into it.
In the 1960’s, the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China entered a period of worsening relations and rising tensions known as the Sino-Soviet split. This cold war in the Cold War stemmed from the diverging national interests of the two countries, as well as the regimes’ respective interpretations of the communist ideology: Marxism-Leninism in the Soviet Union, and Maoism in China. In 1969, nuclear war almost broke out due to a territorial dispute over the island of Zhenbao, but with mutual destruction in sight, the war was prevented. The nations of the Eastern Bloc were then forced to support either side in the conflict, leading to several smaller conflicts in different parts of the communist world. Initially, the split led to improving relations between China and the United States, but as China began to expand its own sphere of influence in violation of Western national interests, an alliance was never formed.
In Southeast Asia, the Vietnam War ended with a major communist victory, leading to the installment of communist governments in Laos and Cambodia. Vietnam, however, was Soviet-aligned, and the expansionism of the regime, which involved the annexation of Laos and Cambodia, led to a brief war with China. Combined with the increasing popularity of Maoism in the Third World, the Vietnamese threat caused Thailand and Burma to join the Chinese side in the conflict, and soon the Maoist domino effect continued in Malaysia, Indonesia and even India. While Vietnam became a lone Soviet puppet in the region, the West retreated to few countries along the Pacific Rim. In the rest of Asia, however, the Soviets had great success in annexing Afghanistan and Mongolia, and installing puppet regimes in Pakistan and Iran. The Soviet ideology also spread into the Arab World, posing a threat to Western oil supply, but the Arab oil states, along with Turkey and Israel, remained under US leadership.
In Europe, Albania had become a lone Chinese ally in a Soviet-led Eastern Europe, now including Greece and Finland, but Maoist movements started to rise in Italy and the Iberian Peninsula. A major loss to the US and its allies, Southern Europe, and therefore much of the Mediterranean, was soon ruled by the communists, and the West began to struggle with the transportation of arms and resources to and from Arabia. At some point, the Soviets also captured West Berlin as it was practically within their territory.
At this point, a Second Scramble for Africa had also begun between the three world powers. Nation after nation, the African countries fell like dominoes to the communists, forcing the West to effectively retreat to an expanded South Africa, while the continent was sliced up between the Soviet Union and China. Initially, Soviet strategies had meant that several countries across the continent were pro-Soviet, but with the continued expansion of Maoism, the Soviets were eventually forced to abandon Sub-Saharan Africa. All of North Africa and most of the Horn, however, remained or became pro-Soviet, and the strong sovereign entity known as the Arab Union was formed. The Arab Union was the first merger out of a wave of mergers throughout Africa, and several major pro-Chinese nations were established, promoting the unity of African peoples against common foreign enemies.
With most of Asia, Africa and large parts of Europe in their hands, the communists moved on to Latin America, where socialist movements had been simmering for years. Cuba, at this point, had expanded to include much of the Caribbean, and was an important Soviet ally in the region. Most of the nations, however, joined the Chinese side in the conflict, and with Brazil as the driving force, most of South and Central America came under Chinese leadership, while Venezuela and Guyana became pro-Soviet. There were, however, certain ideological differences between China’s Maoism and South America’s slightly more open-minded socialism.
The year is now 2014 with the Cold War continuously going on, and the geopolitical situation is far from stabile as civil unrest begins in the Soviet World and tensions start to rise between China and Brazil.