The Federal People's Republic of Algeria, commonly referred to as Algeria or the FPRA, is a large federation and great power in Western Africa. Excluding claimed land, Algeria has an area of approximately 8.6 million km2 (3.3 million sq mi) and a population of nearly 230 million.
In the 2010’s, West Africa was faced with the treat of Islamic terrorist groups, pirates and uprisings, causing the countries to move closer together. Algeria took the lead in a common fight against terrorism with support from France, and in 2015 an alliance known as the West African Security and Counterterrorist Organization (WASCO) was formed. The founding members of the WASCO were Algeria, Tunisia, Mauritania, Mali, Niger and Chad, while Burkina Faso, Togo, Benin, Senegambia and the Sahrawi Arabic Democratic Republic (SADR) joined in 2017. The admission of the SADR to the alliance led to heightened tensions with Morocco, which claimed all of Western Sahara as part of its sovereign territory.
In the late 2010’s, foreign neo-colonialism became a new threat to Africa’s nations, and as a result, on June 5, 2022, the members of the WASCO signed the Treaty of Algiers, leading to the formation of the Federal People’s Republic of Algeria. The nation was founded on a social-minded, African nationalist ideology. In 2024, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau and the Ivory Coast joined the union. The union's territory was divided along ethnolinguistic lines, effectively dissolving the former artificial nations, however leading to ethnic tensions in some areas.
Algeria is divided into three major regions: the Capital Region, Trans-Sahara and Guinea. The Capital Region, containing the federal capital of Algiers, is divided into provinces, while Trans-Sahara and Guinea are divided into subregions, which are then divided into provinces. The subregions, of which there are 18 in total, are determined by ethnolinguistic majority and have several official languages. The official languages nationally are French and Arabic, with French being the main lingua franca.
Algeria has a territorial dispute with Morocco over Western Sahara, which has caused relations between the two to be highly strained. Western Sahara is split in two by the so-called Berm or Moroccan Wall. Algeria controls the area east of the Berm, known as the Free Zone, while the area west of the Berm, known as the Moroccan Zone, is part of Morocco. The Free zone is governed as a province of the Arab Mauritania Subregion within Trans-Sahara.
Algeria has a multi-party system with many parties in the parliament, making it almost impossible for any party to rule alone. Most of the parties share a social-minded, pan-West Africanist ideology, on which the country was founded. Some parties are also Islamic democratic. The current government is a coalition of democratic socialist parties, while the largest oppositional coalition is social conservative and Islamic democratic.
Energy and resources:
Algeria is one of the world's leading energy producers and the main supplier for the European continent. Large solar power plants can be found throughout the Sahara, and Algeria is also home to large amounts of oil and natural, although this are slowly being used up. As stated in the constitution, all resources belong to the Algerian people and thus all power plants are fully or partially owned by the state. All power plants located in the Sahara are heavily guarded by armed forces protecting them from Islamic terrorists.
An international project in the Sahara Desert has led to the greening of large areas, using the vast underground water reserves. These areas are now suitable for farming and forestry, and the prevalence of hunger (and thirst) in Africa has decreased significantly as a result.